What is Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)?

Age-related Macular Degeneration is a disease of the macula due to aging. The macula is the central portion of the retina which is important for vision.


Are there different types of AMD? 

AMD is categorised as dry and wet types.

Dry AMD occurs when the underlying retina  ages and tissue undergoes atrophy, leading to a loss of tissue and  affecting vision.

Wet AMD results from the bleeding which occurs from the formation of new blood vessels, resulting in damage to retinal function and affecting vision.


What factors increase the chances of getting AMD? 

The factors are smoking, high blood pressure, family history.


What are the symptoms of AMD?

A patient with AMD may show no symptoms in the early stage. In the later stage,  a patient’s vision will be blurred or distorted. Occasionally, floaters are observed.


What are the treatments available for AMD?

Early Dry AMD does not require treatment. There is no cure yet for advanced dry AMD.

Wet AMD may need injection of medication, laser treatment or surgery. The medication injected into the eyeball helps to shrink the abnormal blood vessel and reduce leakage. You should discuss the appropriate treatment with your eye doctor.


How can we avoid or reduce the risk of getting AMD?

Adopt a healthy lifestyle such as eating a balanced diet, avoid smoking and wear sunglasses when doing outdoor activities.  Effectively controlling chronic diseases such as hypertension will also help.


If you suffer from AMD, how can you delay deterioration of this condition? 

Adopt a healthy lifestyle such as eating a balanced diet, avoid smoking and wear sunglasses when doing outdoor activities.  Effectively control chronic diseases such as hypertension. Visit your eye doctor regularly to check on your AMD.

[NOTE: This FAQ contains general information about medical conditions and its treatment. The information is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor. If you have any medical problem, you should consult a doctor.]