What is Glaucoma? 

Glaucoma is an eye condition where there is damage to the nerve of the eyeball. It is usually caused by high pressure within the eye.


What causes Glaucoma? 

The eye produces water which accounts for normal pressure within the eye. In a person with Glaucoma, usually abnormally high pressure builds up within the eye and affects the nerve of the eye.


What increases the risk of you getting Glaucoma? 

The risk factors include aging, Diabetes Mellitus, short-sightedness, family history of Glaucoma and use of steroids.


What are the symptoms of Glaucoma?

No symptoms appear in the early stages of Glaucoma.

When pressure in the eye rises rapidly, the patient may suffer from red eye, headache or vomiting. As Glaucoma becomes more serious, the patient’s vision at the side of the eye is affected. Central vision may be lost in the late stages of the condition.


How is Glaucoma detected?

Glaucoma can be detected from a thorough eye examination that checks your vision, eye pressure, nerves in your eyes and visual field.


Can Glaucoma be treated? 

Glaucoma cannot be cured completely, but its progression must be managed properly with eyedrops, laser or eye surgery so as to save as much remaining vision as possible.  You should discuss the suitable treatment with your doctor.


[NOTE: This FAQ contains general information about medical conditions and its treatment. The information is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor. If you have any medical problem, you should consult a doctor.]